Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC )
14 Jul 2016

Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC ) Featured


The Kenya National Examinations Council (also referred to as KNEC or the Council) was established in 1980 under the Kenya National Examinations Council Act Cap 225A of the Laws of Kenya. This Act (Cap 225A of 1980) was repealed in 2012 and replaced with KNEC Act No. 29 of 2012.

KNEC was established to take over the functions previously undertaken by the defunct East African Examinations Council and the Ministry of Education to conduct school, post school and other examinations. The establishment of the Council followed the breakup of the East African Community and the need for an institution to take over control of such examinations to ensure their validity and reliability; and to ensure conformity to Kenya’s goals and changes in Government policy relating to the curriculum and examinations.

The KNEC Mandate

According to section 10 of the Kenya National Examinations Council Act No. 29 of 2012; KNEC is mandated to:

  • set and maintain examination standards;

  • conduct public academic, technical and other national examinations within Kenya at basic and tertiary levels;

  • award certificates or diplomas to candidates in such examinations;

  • confirm authenticity of certificates or diplomas issued by the Council upon request by the government, public institutions, learning institutions, employers and other interested parties;

  • issue replacement certificates or diplomas to candidates in such examinations upon acceptable proof of loss or damage of the original;

  • undertake research on educational assessment;

  • advice any public institution on the development and use of any system of assessment when requested to do so, and in accordance with such terms and conditions as shall be mutually agreed between the Council and the public institution;

  • promote the international recognition of qualifications conferred by the Council;

  • advice the Government on any policy decision that is relevant to, or has implications on, the functions of the Council or the administration of examinations in Kenya;

  • do anything incidental or conducive to the performance of any of the preceding functions.

KNEC Core Functions

The core functions of the Council are to:

  • develop national examination tests;

  • register candidates for the KNEC examinations;

  • conduct examinations and process the results;

  • award certificates and diplomas to successful candidates;

  • issue replacement certificates and diplomas;

  • conduct educational assessment research;

  • carry out equation of certificates and diplomas issued by other credible examining boards;

  • conduct examinations on behalf of foreign examination boards;

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